SAT 2021 Exam Pattern, Structure and Marking Distribution

Preparation for SAT exam becomes much easier if you know what to expect out of the tests. SAT Exam pattern 2021 are the best way to gauge the tests as well as strategize your study plan accordingly.

SAT Exam Pattern

The SAT Exam tests skills that the student learns in high school would help the student in college and in further studies. Broadly the SAT can be segregated into two parts namely the English Section and Listed below are a couple of the content areas and structure details of the SAT Exam which should be clear to the students:

Words in Context
The students will be tested on words that show up probably in high-school-stage and college-level texts

Command of Evidence
The evidence-based reading and writing portion of the SAT will ask the student to analyze, synthesize, and interpret information from a huge variety of sources. These sources include but are not limited to informational graphics similar to tables, charts, and graphs as well as multi-paragraph passages within the areas of literature and literary nonfiction; the humanities; science; history and social reviews; and work and career.

For every passage or pair of passages in the SAT Exam, the student shall see in the course of the Reading Test, at the least one question will ask the student to identify which part of the text best supports the reply to a prior question. In other occasions, the student shall be asked to find out the best answer to a question by way of pulling collectively information conveyed in phrases and snapshots.

The Writing and Language Test also tests on command of evidence. It's going to ask the student to research a sequence of sentences or paragraphs and come to a decision if they make sense. Other questions will ask the student to interpret graphics and to edit part of the accompanying passage so that it naturally and accurately communicates the information present in the graphics.

The SAT essay additionally checks the student's command of evidence. After studying a passage, the student shall be requested to determine how the author builds an argument to persuade an audience via the use of evidence, reasoning, or stylistic and persuasive devices.

Essay analyzing a source

The SAT essay is not obligatory it asks the student to analyze how an author makes use of evidence, reasoning, and different stylistic evidence to craft a persuasive argument.

The Maths that matters the most

The Math test focuses intensively on three primary areas of math: Problem Solving and Data Analysis, Heart of Algebra, and Passport to Advanced Math

  • Questions from the Problem Solving and Data Analysis discipline would require the student to make use of ratios, percentages, and proportional reasoning to resolve issues in science, social science, and career contexts.
  • Questions from the Heart of Algebra discipline focuses on the mastery of linear equations and methods, which help students develop key powers of abstraction.
  • The Passport to Advanced Math questions focuses on more complicated equations and the amount of manipulation they need.

Problems related to real-world contexts

In the SAT Exam-in the Math Test, the Reading Test, and the Writing and Language Test-the student shall be asked to answer questions based on the real world, which directly involved work carried out in university and profession.

Evaluation in science and evaluation in historical past/social reviews

The students are going to be asked to use their knowledge in reading, writing, language, and math to answer questions related to contexts of science and history/social studies in the SAT Exam. Questions will make the students learn and comprehend texts and to synthesize understanding offered by means of texts and graphics.

Documents related to Global Conversations

These reading passages center the attention on predominant political records and on global conversations they inspire.

Length of the SAT

The SAT paper has a length of three hours. This doesn't include the non-obligatory Essay which is allotted another 50 minutes.

The New Sat Structure can be broken down as follows:

SAT test structure


The SAT is scored on a scale of 400 to 1600. The students would need to acquire an additional subscore for each scan i.e. Math, Reading, and Writing and Language. Along with that, they would need additional subscores to give an insight to their test efficiency.

No penalty for guessing

There are no points deducted for fallacious solutions, so students shouldn't leave any question unattended!

For details about what each section of the SAT involves, take a Demo with TG Campus!

Components of SAT Score

The most important factor you must know about your SAT scores is that they're more detailed and more holistic and transparent than earlier. The SAT is now scored out of 1600, and there are new subscores and cross-section scores to consider in evaluating the efficiency of the student. Let's go through with what we're working on:

  • The total score of the student is the overall score of the student and is a combination of the sectional scores. The highest composite score for the redesigned SAT is 800+800 i.e. 1600 while the average score is 1000.
  • The section scores are the scores for the individual sections for the two principal sections of the SAT: reading/writing and math. Each of these sections is scored out of 800, and they are added together to get the overall score.
  • The essay is non-obligatory in the redesigned SAT and will not be factored into your overall SAT score. The essay scores are added separately in the record.
  • Your essay, should you pick to take, can be scored on three guidelines: Reading, Analysis, and Writing. The student would receive scores anywhere between 2 to 8 in each of these areas.

SAT Score breakdown

In addition to the overall scores, the students receive additional sets of ratings which include further detail about how the student performed on the specific skill or subject area.

  • The test scores are calculated based on segregating the reading/writing part of reading and writing and language and this gives the student scores out of 40 points. The math test is also scored out of 40 points. These are the basis of the part scores, and hence of the total SAT score.
  • There are two cross-test scores, which are scored out of 40 points, and are based on the performance answering questions which have science or history/social experiences contexts. These discipline-associated questions appear both in reading & Writing as good as Math.
  • Your SAT subscores show how well the student is performing in special ability categories, to provide the examiner with a clear picture of the strengths and weaknesses of the student. Subscores can be within Reading and Writing and language (Command of Evidence and Words in Context), Writing and language (Expression of Ideas and English Conventions), and Math (Heart of Algebra, Problem Solving and Data analysis, and Passport to Advanced Math).

Diagnostic test

A diagnostic is a short test with a small number of questions supposed to scan your general degree of mastery. For the SAT Exam, the TG Campus diagnostic exams aim to establish your present degree of skills for Math and evidence-centered studying and Writing so the apply software can give you the most correct recommendations for competencies to work on. In this manner, the testing system "diagnoses" the student's state of potential, and that helps in making personalized suggestions specifically for the student!

Multiple-choice question

MCQs or more than one-choice questions provide a collection of reply choices from which the student must choose the proper or the first-class-match reply

Percentile score

Percentile score in SAT Exam furnishes a method so that a student can evaluate his or her ratings to those of peers. SAT percentile scores are calculated based on all students taking the SAT exam. The percentile score can range from 1 to 99 and indicates the percentage of exam-takers who got a score equal to or more than the student

Raw Score

The Raw score is the number of questions the student got as correct out of the total number of questions. If there are 40 questions in a test and also the student got 30 correct, the raw score for the student is 30. For the SAT Exam, The raw score will likely be translated into a scaled score that takes into consideration things like the difficulty level of the questions in the test versus a standard SAT paper.

Scaled score

When a student takes a standardized test, there are two types of scores the student would see: the raw score (i.e. the number of questions the student obtained correctly out of the total quantity of questions) and the converted score, which is the translation of the student's raw score into another numerical structure that takes into account the difficulty of the questions and the performance of the peers. For the SAT, the converted SAT score will probably be 200-800 for every section.


The SAT score of a student will comprise a number of scores, together with test scores (for the Mathematics, Reading, and Writing and Language checks and the Essay), cross-test scores (like Analysis in Science, etc), and subscores (like Expression of Ideas, etc).

Student-Produced Response

In this section the questions require the student to furnish the answer to a question instead of choosing from a list of choices. Student-produced responses are part of the mathematics section (in the form of a grid-in) and the Essay (the entire essay is to be written by the student). When completing a student-produced response question, the student should read the instructions carefully to make sure the answers are being provided in the required format!

Test requisites

The standards, or specs, of a test, are the descriptions of how the test is formatted (i.e. with regard to time, length, and sections), what content material is included (what are the skills needed and the topics that are needed to be studied), and the way the test is scored. It can be worthwhile to understand the test standards in detail before attempting the test, but it can also be overwhelming, and it may furnish quite a lot of information which would be priceless to you. The redesigned SAT specs include a list of all Math and Reading and Writing and Language potential that the SAT covers and the TG Course include all these in detail.

Complete score

Your complete score for the redesigned SAT is the combination of your scaled scores from the maths and evidence-based Reading and Writing sections, which might be anywhere between 200 to 800. Thus, the complete score for the redesigned SAT shall be between 400 and 1600 points.

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